This agreement allowed discussions to continue and resulted in the three-fifths compromise, which further complicated the issue of popular representation in Parliament. On June 14, while the Convention was ready to review the Virginia Plan report, William Paterson of New Jersey requested a postponement to allow more time for some delegations to develop a replacement plan. The application was accepted and the next day Mr. Paterson presented nine resolutions containing the necessary amendments to the articles of Confederation, followed by a lively debate. On June 19, delegates rejected New Jersey`s plan and voted in favor of a discussion on the Virginia plan. Smaller states were increasingly dissatisfied and some were threatening to withdraw. On July 2, the Convention was blocked because there was one equal vote for each state in the House of Lords, with five states in for, five in the negative vote and one divided vote. Fewer populous countries like Delaware feared that such regulation would scuttle their voices and interests by larger states. Many delegates also felt that the Convention did not have the power to abolish the articles of Confederation completely, as envisaged in the Virginia Plan.  In response, William Paterson of the New Jersey delegation proposed on 15 June 1787 a single-house legislative power. Each state should be represented on an equal footing in this body, regardless of population.
The New Jersey plan, as it was called, would have left the Confederal articles in place, but changed them to expand the powers of Congress a little.  July 16, 1987 began with a light breeze, cloudless skies and a spirit of celebration. On that day, 200 senators and representatives took a special train to Philadelphia to celebrate a unique anniversary of Congress. The problem was referred to a commission made up of a delegate from each state in order to reach a compromise. On 5 July, the Committee presented its report, which became the basis for the « great compromise » of the Convention. The report recommended that each state have the same voice in the House of Lords, and in the House of Commons, each state should have one representative for every 40,000 inhabitants,  slaves should be counted as three-fifths of one inhabitant and that the money bills should come from the House of Commons (not subject to a change by the upper chamber). On July 4, delegates developed a compromise plan that sidelined Franklin`s proposal. On 16 July, the Convention adopted the Great Compromise with a heartbreaking one-voice lead. As the celebrants of 1987 duly said, there probably would not have been a Constitution without that vote. Compromise by constitutional convention, in which states would equal representation in a house of legislative power and representation on the basis of population in the other chamber the agreement by which Congress would have two houses, the Senate (where each state has the same representation – two senators) and the House of Representatives (where representation is based on population).