Several groups have written reports on the proposed agreement: US economist Dean Baker of the Center for Economic and Policy Research noted that the agreement would focus on unconventional barriers in the event of already weak conventional barriers between the US and the EU, such as thinking about national rules on hydraulic fracturing, GMOs and finance, but also strengthening copyright legislation. He adds that while the forecasts are less ambitious, the economic benefits per household are not impressed: « If we apply the 0.21% increase in projected average personal income to 2027, it is just over $50 per year. That`s just under 15 cents a day. Don`t spend everything in one place.  The Guardian called TTIP « the most controversial trade agreement ever negotiated by the EU. »  TTIP negotiations are criticised and rejected by some trade unions, charities, NGOs and environmentalists, particularly in Europe.   The Independent summarizes the negative effects of TTIP as « reducing regulatory barriers to large companies, food security, environmental legislation, banking regulation and sovereigns of different nations » or more critical than « the attack on European and American companies by transnational groups ».  German economist Max Otte stated that the Court of Arbitration`s (IDR) proposal and the protection of foreign investment would mean a « total deviation from policy » and that free trade agreements on the labour economy would generally impose lower standards and that TTIP would put European workers in direct competition with the Americans (and, in fact, under the North American Free Trade Agreement with Mexicans), which would have an impact on European social models.  Otte also concluded: « We really don`t want the social system of these countries [U.S. and Mexico] here [in Europe]. »  – In 2018, the United States had a trade surplus with the EU of $60 billion. Eliasson also states that the U.S. objectives include in an agreement « duty-free vehicle exports » and the maintenance of prohibitions for foreign contractors in several areas, including inland shipping (see Merchant Marine Act of 1920).  Some US producers are already concerned about EU proposals to limit the use of « special denominations » (also known as PGI or IGP/GEOGRAPHIC INDICATION) that the EU considers site-specific, such as feta and parmesan cheeses and possibly Budweiser beer.   This has sparked a debate between European politicians such as Renate Konast and Christian Schmidt on the value of denominations.  A 2018 ku Leuven document estimated that a « deep » free trade agreement such as TTIP between the US and the European Union would increase EU GDP by 1.3% and US GDP by 0.7%.
 These benefits would be mainly attributable to the removal of non-tariff barriers.  With regard to the TTIP, a broader « transatlantic free trade area » has been adopted. [By whom?] [Citation required] On the U.S. side, other members of the North American Free Trade Area (Canada and Mexico) could be part of it; and, on the European side, members of the European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein).